LORs or Letter of Recommendations are usually either in question and answer format. While the question and answer format may vary from university to university, the runnung formats are standardised. They are usually of about 400 words and divided into 4 equal paragraphs. Though both Academic and Professional LOR may vary in content, the structure/ format is also differentiable.
For Academic LORs, in the first paragraph, provide the following details (of the recommender) – designation, department and college name affiliated to university name. Also write the capacity in which the recommender has been associated to you along with the number of years/duration of your association with him/her. In addition, mention the subjects the recommender taught you along with the semesters. In case of project guide, write the name of the project undertaken under his guidance and the semester when it was undertaken.
In the second paragraph, please mention your project, seminar, workshop, internship, etc. (their names along with your contribution to them) this recommender would like to talk about. Ask the recommender to explicitly mention what about these impressed him/her. If the recommender is your project guide, he must write about the project he guided you on and what about your role in the project he finds worth mentioning and why.
In the third paragraph, quote 1-2 instances from the classroom where your participation/contribution/involvement impressed this faculty. You may provide examples of classroom discussions or any query raised by you which ended up clearing others’ doubts as well. You may also provide any instance from the classroom where you provided an out-of-the-box solution to a problem that worked in favor of your team/class. You may provide details of just about any activity pertaining to academics you participated in that the recommender wishes to share with the Admission Committee. The recommender may also talk about your entrepreneurship skills and your aptitude for it.
In the fourth paragraph, the recommender must mention your extra-curricular/co-curricular activities and achievements. Usually, you must end your LOR with the Name, Designation, Department, College, City, University, City, Contact and Email details of your recommender.