While taking the IELTS academic exam, you need different approach for each of the four sections. For the writing section in particular, you need to know the rules or writing and structure of writing. How you write reflects how you process your thoughts. To develop your writing style you need to stick to the rules and practice writing a lot. Here we explain the Writing section of the IELTS in detail.
Time Allotted: 60 minutes
The Writing section of IELTS Academic exam includes two tasks. Topics are of general interest and can range among varied topics. The topics are suitable for candidates entering undergraduate and postgraduate studies or seeking professional registration.
Students are presented with a graph, table, chart or diagram and are asked to describe, summarize or explain the information in their own words. They may be asked to describe and explain data, describe the stages of a process, how something works or describe an object or event. The main purpose of this task is to see how well a student assimilates information and is able to put that understanding in his own words.
Time allotted: 20 minutes
Word Limit: 150 words
Students are asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. Responses to both tasks must be in a formal style. The standpoint of the student should ideally be neutral, as this is an exercise where there are no correct or wrong answers, but rather the focus is on the correct style of writing.
Time allotted: 40 minutes
Word Limit: 250 words
Things to keep in mind:
- Before writing an essay, you must know its basic structure. A book about essay writing will help you understand the structure and format of essays better.
- Attempt Task 2 first, because it is worth more marks and is comparatively easier.
- Don’t waste a lot of time on Task 1. Learn all the specific writing structure for each type of task 1. In the real test, you just have to apply that structure with new data and suitable verb tenses. Read sample essays and take note of the ones with good structure to have a wide range of academic structures for Task 1. Some structures might be used in the task 2 as well.
- Writing requires good vocabulary. Consult a dictionary to look up the meaning and usage of new words to enrich your vocabulary.
- Avoid informal writing. There are some rules of writing you should follow.
- Each body paragraph has to include: the topic sentence, supporting sentences (2-3 sentences), and development sentences (including example, experience, and data).
- Understand the test rules and format.
- Practice Sample Questions. Do both 2 tasks in one hour. You can focus only on task 1 or task 2, but before the test, you should practice writing both tasks to get familiar with time limits.